A Practical Guide to Improve LCA Communications

A Practical Guide to Improve LCA Communications

Life Cycle Assessments (LCAs) offer a powerful lens into the environmental impact of a product or service. However, the data they generate can be complex and technical, and communicating it effectively to the necessary stakeholders can be a difficult task. Effective communication is also the backbone for LCA innovation, through which LCA professionals can align customers, account managers, and product managers to develop and market sustainable products.

This guide aims to bridge that gap and equip you with the knowledge and tools for clear and impactful LCA communication. Whether you’re an environmental professional, a product manager, or simply someone hoping to understand the impact of the products you use, this guide equips you with the tools to navigate the world of LCAs and share your insights with confidence.

Purpose of LCA Communication

Improve LCA Communications

Communicating LCA data effectively goes beyond mere transparency. It serves several significant purposes:

  • Business Impact: By sharing accurate LCA data, companies can demonstrate their commitment to sustainability goals. This proactive approach enhances brand reputation, strengthens stakeholder relationships, and attracts environmentally conscious consumers.
  • Marketing Impact: Consumers increasingly prioritize sustainable choices, and access to detailed environmental impact information empowers them to make informed purchase decisions. Highlighting environmental efforts through clear communication can create a competitive advantage and attract a loyal customer base.
  • Innovation: Effective PCF data communication allows you to gather valuable insights into customer expectations and concerns related to sustainability. This information can be used to drive innovation and develop products that resonate with your target audience while minimizing environmental impact.

LCA Communication: Know your audience

Improve LCA Communications
  1. Senior management: Focus on key takeaways, business implications, and overall environmental impact. Highlight strategic alignment, potential cost savings, and brand reputation benefits. Avoid technical jargon and excessive data overload.
  2. Account/Product managers: Mention key findings relevant to customer needs and concerns. Highlight competitive advantages, potential cost savings for customers, and brand credibility. Maintain professional and clear communication, using accessible language.
  3. Technical Support/R&D Teams: Dive deep into the methodology, data sources, and limitations of the LCA. Remember to use technical jargon appropriately. This can usually be LCA team of your customer or external consultants
  4. Customers: Simplify the information and use clear visuals and analogies. Focus on relatable impacts and positive outcomes.
  5. Stakeholders with specific interests: Tailor the message to their specific concerns and priorities. Address their specific questions and information needs in a relevant and targeted manner. Demonstrate an understanding of their perspective and commitment to addressing their concerns.

Planning out LCA communication

Planning out LCA communications

Presenting or communicating the results of any complex process necessitates planning out how it needs to be communicated. This requires examining the key aspects of communication mentioned below:

Rationale behind key findings

Life cycle assessments carry meaning when system boundaries, data sources, and assumptions are stated clearly. It is important to discuss any uncertainties or limitations in the data or methodology. Provide context for the findings by comparing them to industry benchmarks or previous studies.

Depending on the audience, the rationale may vary, and it is important to adapt your communication to the audience. For example, the customer will find it valuable to understand the data sources and system boundaries in order to evaluate how they can utilise this data. For internal stakeholders, the actual results and hotspots will be more valuable since it can help them take action in the right direction 

Clearly stating the conclusions

Summarize the main takeaways from the LCA in a concise and impactful way. Try to avoid technical jargon and use clear, actionable language. Quantify the environmental benefits wherever possible during communication.

For external customers, the conclusions can be presented in ISO, TfS, or WBCSD formats to make the data useful for them. For internal stakeholders, it will be valuable to use internal process information and leverage your company culture to state the conclusions. This will help the audience feel connected to you and the outcomes of the results and you can

Make it actionable

Suggest specific actions that can be taken to improve the environmental performance of the product or service. Prioritize the recommendations based on their potential impact and feasibility. Offer resources and support to help stakeholders implement the recommendations.

Prioritize recommendations based on impact and feasibility. For example, for carbon footprint reduction, exploring renewable energy sources for production can be a feasible recommendation. Remember to incorporate feedback and collaboration from interested departments during this time to make it actionable.

Encourage discussions

It is important to encourage dialogue for effective LCA communication. Invite questions, feedback, and discussion with stakeholders. Open communication fosters deeper understanding and collaborative action towards informed decision-making and sustainable product development.

Organizing an interactive session or open forum can facilitate dialogue and understanding, as well as encourage everyone to ask questions and share their thoughts on the LCA findings.

Conveying limitations

Explain the limitations that came up when the assessment was conducted. It is important to convey that LCA cannot predict the actual impacts and should never be used as the sole basis for comparative assertions.

Let the audience know that LCA is based on assumptions and estimations, and actual environmental impacts might vary. Clarify that this study provides valuable insights, acting as a starting point for continuous improvement

Appropriate infographics

Visualizing the data using infographics provides a better understanding of the data for those who are involved and makes it available to those who are not involved. Data visualization empowers stakeholders to compare diverse impact categories across different units, leading to informed decision-making.

The infographics can be tailored according to the audience’s needs. For a customer, it can be a clear bar chart comparing the product’s impact across different categories with industry benchmarks. For an internal stakeholder, it can be a detailed heat map visualizing the life cycle stages and highlighting the “hotspots” for various environmental indicators.

Executing your LCA Communication strategy

Effective LCA communication necessitates a well-defined strategy. Here are key elements to consider:

Comparing and contrasting with other studies

Conduct a thorough review of relevant peer-reviewed studies or LCA reports of similar products or services from competitors. Summarising the key findings from these studies highlights both similarities and differences compared to your own LCA results. Explain potential reasons for discrepancies, considering factors like different system boundaries, data sources, and methodologies used.

Include competitor research

Utilize your competitor’s research and market analysis to identify environmental concerns and sustainability trends relevant to your industry and target audience. Framing your LCA communication by addressing these concerns demonstrates how your product aligns with evolving sustainability expectations. Highlight any competitive advantages revealed by the LCA, showcasing areas where your product outperforms competitors in terms of environmental impact.

Identify areas of improvement

Go beyond simply presenting the results; actively identify actionable areas for improvement based on the LCA findings. Focus on the “hotspots” and prioritize improvements based on their potential impact and feasibility. Develop a roadmap outlining specific actions, timelines, and responsible parties for implementing these improvements.

Estimate business impact

Where possible, try to quantify the potential business benefits of implementing the identified improvements. This could involve estimating cost savings associated with reduced resource consumption or revenue growth from enhanced brand reputation and consumer loyalty driven by sustainability efforts.

Propose next steps

Clearly outline the next steps following the LCA communication. This might involve further research focusing on specific areas, collaboration with stakeholders on implementing improvements, or developing a communication plan to share progress updates and future sustainability goals. Set measurable goals and provide a clear timeline for reaching them, demonstrating your commitment to ongoing action and transparency.

Incorporate customer feedback

Prioritize listening to your customers. Understand their concerns about sustainability and the type of information they find most valuable. This feedback helps tailor your communication to resonate with their needs.

Soft skills for LCA Communication

LCA communication requires LCA professionals to also develop soft skills, learning from traditional communication techniques. In the daily chaos of calculating results and generating reports, these soft skills can help you stand out as an LCA practitioner and create a positive business impact.

Active listening

Pay close attention to verbal and nonverbal cues from your audience. Ask clarifying questions and paraphrase their concerns to ensure you understand their perspective. By actively listening, you demonstrate respect and establish a foundation for genuine dialogue.

Be empathetic

Put yourself in your audience’s shoes and understand their interests and concerns regarding your LCA findings. Consider their level of technical knowledge and tailor your communication accordingly. Empathy allows you to connect with your audience on a deeper level and fosters trust in the communication process.

Critical thinking

Analyze your audience’s needs, anticipate potential questions, and prepare clear and concise responses. Think critically about the best way to present the information to maximize understanding and engagement. This skill ensures your communication is targeted, impactful, and addresses the concerns of your audience.


LCA communication often involves collaborating with internal and external stakeholders. Be open to diverse viewpoints, actively listen to feedback, and work collaboratively to develop a communication strategy that resonates with all audiences. A collaborative approach fosters a sense of ownership and engagement, leading to a more effective communication outcome

Flexibility and openness

Be prepared to adapt your communication style and approach based on the audience and context. Remain open to feedback and willing to adjust your message to ensure clarity and understanding. This flexibility allows you to tailor your communication to different scenarios and maximizes the impact of your message.

Solution-oriented approach

When discussing the LCA findings, don’t just present problems; present potential solutions. Highlight actionable recommendations based on the identified areas for improvement and outline a roadmap for implementation. By demonstrating a solution-oriented approach, you inspire hope, foster collaboration, and encourage action towards a more sustainable future.

Make your LCA Communications customer-centric

Improve LCA Communications

Effective LCA communication hinges on a customer-centric approach. This means fostering open dialogue with customers by encouraging feedback through surveys, forums, and dedicated channels. Actively listen to their concerns and respond promptly with clear explanations. Utilize this feedback to continuously improve your communication strategy and drive product development towards more sustainable offerings. Be upfront about the LCA process, limitations, and data sources to build trust and loyalty with your customers. Finally, prioritize their expectations by understanding what environmental aspects matter most to them. This allows you to tailor your communication to resonate with your audience and ensure your sustainability efforts truly impact them.

LCA communications enhance internal communication and empower informed decision-making to drive collaboration at the organisational as well as stakeholder levels. By implementing the strategies outlined in this article, you can unlock the true potential of your LCA data, not only enhancing your brand reputation and customer loyalty but also contributing to a positive environmental impact. Encourage feedback, listen to your stakeholders, and continuously refine your approach to ensure your message resonates and inspires meaningful change.

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